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Ramcharitmanas literally means “Lake of the deeds of Rama “. The work has variously been acclaimed as “the living sum of Indian culture”, “the tallest tree in the magic garden of medieval Indian poetry”, “the greatest book of all devotional literature” and “the best and most trustworthy guide to the popular living faith of the Indian people”. Tulsidas the Ramcharitmamas name of Tulsidas can be transliterated in two ways.

Tulsidas was a great scholar of Sanskrit. However, he wanted the story of Rama to be accessible to the general public and not just the Sanskrit -speaking elite. In order to make the story of Rama as accessible to the layman as to the scholar, Tulsidas chose to write in Awadhi languagea dialect of Hindi which was the language of general parlance in large parts of north India at the time. Tradition has it that Tulsidas had to face a lot of criticism from the Kane scholars of Varanasi for being a bhasha vernacular poet.

However, Tulsidas remained steadfast in his resolve to simplify the knowledge contained in the Vedasthe Upanishads and the Puranas to the common people. Subsequently, his work was accepted by all. Ramcharitmanasmade available the story of Rama to the common man to sing, meditate and perform on. The writing of Ramcharitmamas also heralded many a cultural tradition, most significantly that of the tradition of Ramlilathe dramatic enactment of the text.

This also makes Tulsidas a contemporary of William Shakespeare. The Ramcharitmanas is written in vernacular Awadhi language, [20] [21] [22] The core of the work is considered by some to be a poetic retelling of the events of the Sanskrit epic Ramayana [1] [23] [24] [25] [26] by Valmiki. The Valmiki Ramayana is centered on the narrative of Ramathe scion of the family tree of king Raghu of the Sun Dynasty. Rama was the crown kandd of Ayodhya and is considered in Hindu tradition as the seventh Avatar of Vishnu.

However, the Ramacharitmanas is by no means a word-to-word copy of the Valmiki Ramayana nor an kxnd re-telling of the latter. Ramcaritmanas has elements ramcharitmanad many other Ramayanas written earlier in Sanskrit and other Indian dialects as well as stories from Puranas.

Tulsidas himself never writes Ramcharitmanas as being a retelling of Valmiki Ramayana. Tulsidas claims to have received the story through his guru, Narharidas. His guru graciously repeated it again and again so that he could understand and remember it. Then he narrated the story and named it Ramcharitmanas as Shiva himself kqnd it. The epic poem is, therefore, also referred to as Tulsikrit Ramayana literally, The Ramayana composed by Tulsidas. Kahd Ramcharitmanas is a masterpiece of vernacular literature.

Some believe it to represent a challenge to the dominance of high-class Brahmanical Sanskrit, [28] [29] [30] echoing the revolt of Buddha against Brahmanical elitism. It was the attempt of Tulsidas to reconcile the different stories of Rama and to bring the story within the reach of the common man. The work is primarily composed in the Chaupai metre four-line quatrainsseparated by the Doha metre two-line coupletswith occasional Soratha and various Chhand metres.

It is customary of the Indian tradition of writing that the author begins a new book with invocation to the Gods to ensure that ramcharittmanas sankalpa is finished unhindered.

Tulsidas ends every chapter in a similar manner describing the ending in the Sanskrit language. Ramcharitmanas is structured around three separate conversations.


Bal Kand – 1

The conversations happen between Shiva and ParvatiSages Bharadwaj and Yajnavalkya and finally Kakbhushundi and the king of birds, Garuda. Some kaand are of the opinion that there is also an underlying personal conversation between Tulsidas and Lord Rama all through the text of Ramcharitmanas.

Tulsidas begins the story with an invocation to various deities, his guru and saints who have preceded him and those who will succeed him in the future. Homage is paid to Valmiki for bringing the Ramayana to the devotees of Rama.

Next are introduced and praised the various characters of the epic beginning with the birthplace of Ramathe holy city of Ayodhya. Praises are bestowed on Dasharathathe king of Ayodhya and Rama ‘s father, and his queens KausalyaKaikeyi and Sumitra.

Listen to Bal Kand, Pt. 1 (Tulsi Ramayan Shri Ramcharitmanas Vol. 1) now.

Tulsidas then praises King Janakathe father-in- law ramchwritmanas Ramaand his family. Next, the characters of Sita and Rama are introduced.

The story of Ramcharitmanas is then underway. It begins with the meeting of two sages – Bharadwaj and Yajnavalkya. Bharadwaj asks Yajnavalkya to narrate in detail the story of Rama. Yajnavalkya rramcharitmanas with how Shiva came about retelling the story of Rama to his wife Parvati. The great story of Sati ‘s self-immolation, the destruction of her father Daksha ‘s sacrifice, the rebirth of Sati as Parvati and her marriage to Shiva. Shiva explains five different reasons as ramchaitmanas why Rama incarnated on earth in different ages Kalpa aeon.

Each of these stories is discussed in detail, with the primary message being that Rama incarnated on earth to protect the righteous who follow the path of Dharma.

The story then moves to the birth of Ravana and his brothers. Post this point, the narration is done at different times by ShivaYajnavalkyaKakbhushundi and Tulsidas. Kajd story now moves to the abode of Brahma where Brahma and the other Hindu Devas are found mulling on kanx ways to rid the earth of Ravana and his excesses. Unable to find a solution, they pray to Shiva and ask him for his guidance on where to find the supreme God who will come to their rescue.

Bal Kand, Pt. 1 (Tulsi Ramayan Shri Ramcharitmanas Vol. 1) by Various Artists on Spotify

Shiva tells them that they don’t need to go anywhere to find the Supreme God for he resides in the hearts of his devotees. Brahman shows compassion iand all and announces in an Akashvani that he will be born in the Sun Dynasty to save the Devas and His devotees from the demons.

The story then moves to Ayodhya. One fine day, Dasharathathe king of Ayodhyarealizes that he has become old and still issueless. He conveys his distress to sage Vasisthathe family guruand seeks the way forward.

Vasistha comforts Dasharatha and tells him that he will have four sons. Tulsidas states that the birth of Rama and his brothers took place on the ninth day of the Chaitra month.

Ramcharit Balkand Hindi Audio Free Download

It was the fortnight of the moon, known as the shukla period. The story then moves on and Rama and his brothers are now grown-up boys. The sage Vishvamitra arrives at Dashratha’s royal court where the King receives his eminent guest with great honour.

Sage Vishvamitra lived in the forest and was performing great sacrifices. However, the demons Maricha and Subahu would always desecrate the ceremonial offerings.

He knew that Rama had taken birth on earth to protect his devotees and so he decided to visit Dashratha to ask him a favor. The sage asks the king to let his sons accompany him to the forest. Reluctantly the king agrees. Rama knew before hand ramchartmanas intention of Vishvamitra in asking him to come along with him. He assures the sage that he would obey his commands. Lakshman kills Subahu and Rama kills Tataka and defeats Marichathe dreaded demons. The story then moves to the deliverance of Ahalya.


Rama, Lakshman and Vishvamitra venture on a journey and reach the beautiful kingdom of the VidehasMithila. Janaka is overcome by great emotion as he is able to sense the true nature of their mission.

The brothers then set out to kane the beautiful city and visit Janaka ‘s garden. In the meanwhile, King Janaka arranges a swayamvara ceremony for his daughter Sita.

A swayamvara ceremony is a Vedic ritual in which a prospective bride selects her groom from among a group of suitors who attend the ceremony. Sita falls in love with Rama at first sight kans Janaka ‘s garden and prays to Parvati that she may get Rama as her husband.

Janaka puts a condition to identify the right groom for Sita. The great bow of Shiva by the name of Pinaka was kept in the arena. Any suitor who would be able to string Pinaka would be val to Sita. Many princes try but fail to even nudge the mammoth bow. This causes great distress to Janaka who wonders aloud if the earth has become devoid of brave men. This statement of Janaka angers Lakshman who retorts that no one talks in this vein, when a gathering like this, has the presence of scions of the Sun Ramcharitmanad.

Rama gently nudges him to keep calm as Vishwamitra asks him to break the bow and make Janaka happy once again. Rama steps in and effortlessly lifts and strings the divine bow. In a swift move, he breaks the bow. The breaking of Pinaka causes a great noise that disturbs the great sage Parashurama in his meditation and he storms into the swayamvara arena in great anger vowing to kill whoever had dared to break the bow of lord Shiva.

Lakshman enters into an argument with Parashuramapaying scant respect eamcharitmanas the sage who was known for his bursts of anger and was known to slay whoever dared to oppose him. Ultimately, Rama brings him around. Parashurama comes to know the real nature kkand Lord Rama as the ultimate Brahmanpays his respects and leaves for the forests for meditation.

Sita places the wreath of victory around the neck of Rama in accordance with the rules of the swayamvara and is thus wedded to him. However, Sita being his beloved daughter, Janaka desires to conduct a grand marriage of Sita and Rama in accordance with both Vedic and laukik traditional customs. Janaka dispatches messengers to Ayodhya to inform Dasharatha and his family about the marriage of Rama and Sita and invites them for the formal consummation of marriage ceremony.

Dasharatha starts with a great marriage procession, consisting of Rama’s family, friends and well wishers in addition to Shiva, Brahma and all Devas who take up human form and depart for Mithila. After a grand wedding, the kind of which had never been witnessed in the universe, Rama and Sita return to Ayodhya where there was a great celebration and much rejoicing.

Ayodhya was described as being mand a heaven on earth ever since Rama and Sita came back from Mithila. He decided to start the ceremonies for his coronation the very next day.

The Devas however became very concerned at the prospect of Rama remaining in Ayodhya and not pursuing the wicked Ravana, and vanquishing him. Something had to happen if Rama was to embark on his mission to rid the world of Ravana. They approached Goddess Saraswati for help. King Dasharatha has three wives. Queen Kaushalya is the principal queen and the mother of Rama. Saraswati decides to influence the mind of one of Queen Kaikeyi ‘s maid servants named Manthara.