Written in the first part of the fifth century, this work is a charming record of the observations of a Christian woman on a lengthy pilgrimage to the Holy Lands. This new version of the late fourth-century diary of journeys in and around the Holy Land known as the Itinerarium Egeriae provides a more. About Egeria. Egeria, one of the earliest documented Christian pilgrims, visited the most important destinations of pilgrimage in the eastern Mediterranean.

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And immense crowds, not of monks only, but also of the laity, both men and women, flock together to Jerusalem from every quarter for the solemn and egerka observance of that day.

The Pilgrimage of Egeria

And at the dismissal the archdeacon lifts his voice and says: It was interesting that when she arrived in Haran, the place where Abraham lived, apart from a few clergy she found no Christians living there, for they were all pagans. And when she had seen me, how can I describe the extent of her joy or of mine? I wished, however, at God’s bidding, to go to Mesopotamia in Syria, to visit the holy monks who were there in great number, and who were said to be of such holy life as could hardly be described, and also for the sake of prayer at the memorial of S.

Thomas the Apostle sent Thaddeus to Edessa, the later version identified the two. Afterwards prayer follows, then the blessing, first of the catechumens, and then of the faithful, and the dismissal is made.

And they proceed to the greater church, which was built by Constantine, and which is situated in Golgotha, that is, behind the Cross, on every Lord’s Day throughout the year except on the one Sunday of Pentecost, when they proceed to Sion, as you will find mentioned below ; but even then they go to Sion before the third hour, the dismissal having been first made in the greater church. Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet.

On the sixth weekday everything is done as on the fourth, in- cluding the going to Sion at the ninth hour, and the escorting of the bishop thence to the Anastasis with hymns. For if a martyrs’ day should chance to occur on the fourth or on the sixth weekday in Quadragesima, they do not go to Sion at the ninth hour.

On the next day, the second weekday, everything that is customary is done from the first cockcrow until morning in the Anastasis ; also at the third and sixth hours everything is done that is customary throughout the whole of Quadragesima.

The meeting-places also do not quite agree in the two MSS. And when the holy bishop had told me all these things, he said to me: I LXX 28 xiv. On the second day also they proceed in like manner to the church in Golgotha, and also on the third day ; thus the feast is celebrated with all this 1 See above, p.

Egeria: Diary of a Pilgrimage

And the bishop reads through the whole of that discourse, and when he has read it, prayer is made, the catechumens and the faithful are blessed, the dismissal is made, and every one returns from the mount to his house, it being already very late at night.


A number of them came into Haran from the Mesopotamia desert on the Feast of S. On the second weekday they go at the first cock- crow to the Anastasis, as they do throughout the year, and everything that is usual is done until morning.

To this Job the church which you see was then built in that place, in such a manner that the stone with the body should not be moved, but that it should be placed, where the body had been found, and that the body should He under the altar.

There, too, we made the oblation, with very earnest prayer, and also read the passage from the book of the Kings ; for it was our special custom that, when we had arrived at those places which I had desired to visit, the appropriate passage from the book should always be read. Wherefore the holy bishop detained us there for some two days, a holy man and truly a man of God, well known to me from the time when I had been in the Thebaid.

THE BUSH And now it began to be about the eighth hour, and there were still three miles left before we could get out of the mountains which we had entered late on the previous day ; we had not, however, to go out on the same side by which we had entered, as I said above, because it was necessary that we should walk past and see all the holy places and the cells that were there, and thus come out at the head of the valley, as I said above, that is of the valley that lies under the mount of God.

Bernard translates sepulturam, how he was buried, and his note in loc. She sees all the sites, always convincing the local clergy to take her to the out-of-the-way places “he graciously agreed to guide us to the well from which the holy woman Rebecca had drawn water”.

They showed us where they all had their dwelling places in the valley, the foundations of which dwelling places appear to this day, round in form and made with stone.

John ‘s at Ephesus.

Full text of “The pilgrimage of Etheria”

In holy Scripture it is called Charran, 1 where holy Abraham dwelt, as it is written in Genesis when the Lord said unto Abram: More- over the holy man told us that from the day on which Ananias the courier entered it with the letter of the Lord, the gate pilgrimags kept to this day, that no one who is unclean, nor any mourner, should pass through nor should any dead body be borne out through it.

The village, which is situated in the middle of the level ground, has in its midst a little hill of no great size, shaped as large tombs are wont to be. At God’s bidding we always kept to this custom, whenever we were able to come to the places we desired. For the ambiguity of the meaning attached to missa, see Introduction, pp. Moreover this is the valley where the Passover was celebrated when one year had been fulfilled after that the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt.

Egerla, receiving eulogiae’ 1 ‘ out of the orchard of S.

Was this again the reading of her Latin text? I do have this translation by Gingras, but mine is hardcover and published by Paulist Press. He himself quoted from Amphilochius circ. McClure published in The wall 1 Thecla is honoured as ” protomartyr ” in the East as well as in the West on Sept. At the end of the fourth century Egypt was an independent pro- vince under the Patriarch of Alexandria, but the part of Egypt she mostly mentions would hardly have been organized by that time into what afterwards became known as Augustanica Prima, with fourteen bishops, the chief of whom was at Pelusium.


It is perhaps more than a coincidence that one of the Ember seasons in the West was fixed by the date of Pentecost. Upon her return to Constantinople, she planned to make a further trip to St. The “graceful” Church in Gethsemane, which was no doubt lower down than Eleona p.

At various places Etheria was pre- sented with these after service, e. But, though the results of pilgrimahe joint pllgrimage had been set up in print for some time and she had spent a good deal of time in further research and thought over them with a view to writing the Introduction, she had to lay the work aside while she was completing the fifth edition of Christian Worship and seeing it through the press.

Coming back to Tarsus she made her way without or delay by Mopsocrene which she calls Mansocrenae and under Mount Taurus through Cappadocia, Galatia and Bithynia, until she arrived at Chalcedon, and stopped there for the famous shrine of S.

I particularly enjoyed the discussion of the liturgies and buildings of Jerusalem in the introduction. Now it would be eberia much to write of all these things one by one, for so great a dairy could not be remembered, but when your affection 6 shall read the holy books of Moses it will more quickly recognize the things that were done in that place. Thomas the Apostle, whose whole body is there. Thus the dismissal takes place at the Anastasis, and one by one all draw near to the bishop’s hand.

But at the ninth hour they go to Sion, as is pilgrimagd at that hour on the fourth and sixth 2 weekdays through- out the year, for the reason that the fast is always kept here on the fourth and sixth weekdays even by the catechumens, except a martyrs’ day should occur. The city of Job is now called Carneas, but it was formerly called Dennaba, 1 in the land of Ausitis, on the wgeria of Idumea and Arabia.

Crossing the river we came to a city called Livias, 3 which ciary in the plain where the children of Israel encamped at that time, for the foundations of the camp of the children of Israel and of their dwellings where they abode appear there to this day.

La pellegrina si ferma nei luoghi sacri rileggendo insieme al suo seguito i passi della Bibbia a loro dedicati Itinerarium, I, This village has a church and martyr-memorials, and many cells of holy monks, so that we had to alight to see each of them, in accordance with the custom which we had.