Carbofuran is one of the most toxic carbamate pesticides. It is marketed under the trade names Furadan, by FMC Corporation and Curater, among several others. Furadan, Bay , Curaterr, D , ENT , Yaltox, Furacarb (25). Carbofuran is highly toxic by inhalation and ingestion and moderately toxic by. Toxicological Characteristics Current available acute toxicological studies on carbofuran show the following: Acute oral toxicity: rat, LD50 mg/kg;.
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In its granular form, a single grain will kill a bird.
The company took action to stop the sale of this product and instituted a buy-back program in East Africa when it was determined that the illegal and intentional misuse of chemicals against wildlife could not be controlled by education or stewardship programs alone. Highly soluble in N-methylpyrrolidone, dimethylformamidedimethyl sulfoxideacetoneacetonitrilemethylene chloridecyclohexanonebenzeneand xylene .
It is classified as an extremely hazardous substance in the United States as defined in Section of the U. With this change, carbofuran usage in the US would be allowed only on corn, potatoes, pumpkins, sunflowers, pine seedlings and spinach grown for seed. Retrieved 7 September Carbofuran usage has increased in recent years because it is one of the few insecticides effective on soybean aphidswhich have expanded their range since to include most soybean-growing regions of the U.
Secondary fatal poisoning of domestic and wild animals has been documented,   specifically, raptors bald eagles and golden eaglesdomestic dogs, raccoonsvultures and other scavengers. Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 87 ed. Environmental Protection Agency in it was blamed for millions of bird deaths per year. The liquid version of the pesticide is less hazardous to birds since they are not as likely to ingest it directly, but it is still very hazardous.
carbofuran (Furadan) Chemical Fact Sheet 6/84
Kenya is considering banning carbofuran,  but it is legal to buy over-the-counter in Kenya. Carbofuran is one of the most toxic carbamate pesticides. Secondary poisoning of eagles following intentional toxicityy of coyotes with anticholinesterase pesticides in Western Canada. Carbofuran is banned in Canada and the European Union.
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Asoxime chloride Methoxime Obidoxime Pralidoxime Trimedoxime bromide. These alterations may consequently lead to serious reproductive problems following repeated exposure.
It is manufactured by the reaction of methyl isocyanate with 2,3-dihydro-2,2-dimethylhydroxybenzofuran. Carbofuran has been illegally used to intentionally poison wildlife not only in the US, Canada and Great Britain; poisoned wildlife have included coyotes, kites, golden eagles and buzzards.
Retrieved October 29, Views Read Edit View history. Retrieved 5 June Birds often eat numerous grains of the pesticide, mistaking them for seeds, and then die shortly thereafter. Carbofuran has toxiicty of the highest acute toxicities to humans of any insecticide widely used on field crops only aldicarb and parathion are more toxic.
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences.
Carbofuran – Wikipedia
This page was last edited on 6 Novemberat Carbofuran exhibits toxicity mediated by the fuuradan mechanism as that of the notorious V-series nerve agents and presents a risk to human health. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 40 2: Due to nonregistration of 4 carcinogenic chemicals used on crops not listed in the Dangerous Substances Act of Thailand toxiciy, vegetables with residues of methomylcarbofuran, dicrotophosand EPN were taken off supermarket shelves in July Archived from the original on May 28, Carbofuran is known to be particularly toxic to birds.
Retrieved 11 August Other names Furadan, Curater, Furacarb. Toxicology mechanisms and methods.
Bacillus thuringiensis Baculovirus Beauveria bassiana Beauveria brongniartii Metarhizium acridum Metarhizium anisopliae Nomuraea toxcity Lecanicillium lecanii Paecilomyces fumosoroseus Paenibacillus popilliae Purpureocillium lilacinum. Chlorantraniliprole Cyantraniliprole Flubendiamide Ryanodine Ryanodol. The main global producer is the FMC Corporation. Hemicholinium-3 hemicholine Triethylcholine Enhancers: Lethal dose or concentration LDLC:.
The technical or chemical name of carbofuran is 2,3-dihydro-2,2-dimethylbenzofuranyl methylcarbamate and its CAS number is However in developing countries, occupational exposure to the Carbofuran and resultant carbofuran-serum protein labeling has been reported furaadan impacts human health and well-being. Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors Carbamate insecticides Benzofurans Phenol esters Insecticides Female reproductive toxicants.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Water Science and Technology. In Kenyafarmers are using carbofuran fufadan kill lions and other predators. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Demecarium Fasciculins green mamba toxins 1234 Onchidal Onchidella binneyi Methanesulfonyl fluoride Unsorted: Acetylcholine metabolism and transport modulators.
Archived from the original on Chemical Research in Toxicology. In a number of publicized incidents worldwide, carbofuran has also been used to poison domestic pets.