prescriptive, the term immaterial labour was coined by Lazzarato (), but became elements of the immaterial labour Hardt and Negri (ibid.) seek to. In this article (translated from Italian by Paul Colilli and Ed Emory), Maurizio Lazzarato sets out to describe the idea of “immaterial labor the. Maurizio Lazzarato Immaterial Labor – Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online. Maurizio Lazzarato’s original essay on immaterial labor from.

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Immaterial labor

The various activities of research, conceptualization, management of human resources, and so forth, together with all the various tertiary activities, are organized within computerized and multimedia networks.

Immaterial Labour, Precariousness and Cultural Work”. Once this viewpoint comes to dominate within social produc – tion, we find that we have an interruption in the continuity of models of production.

The reult is an independent “self-employed” worker, “an intellectual proletarian” marked by “precariousness, hyperexploitation, mobility, and hierarchy”7. The ensemble of ideological products constitutes the human ideological environment. The subject becomes a simple relayer of codification and decodification, whose transmitted messages must be “clear and free of ambiguity,” within a communications context that has been completely normalized by management.

Walter Benjamin has already analyzed how since the end of the nineteenth century both artistic production and reproduction, along with its perception, have assumed collective forms. In this context, the divide between production and consumption is reshaped into a new kind of relationship, where the activities of consumption and development in consumer tastes and public opinion are themselves a form of immaterial labor.

Up to this point I have been analyzing and constructing the concept of immaterial labor from a point of view that could be defined, so to speak, as “microeconomic. Consent agreements or contracts between social media and user-generated content platforms and their users have been proposed as a way of minimizing immaterial labor by allowing users to have more control over the use and circulation of the content, dataand metadata they produce.

For a final brief, i should indicate that this article is well enough to explain general content of change on labour. All of these characteristics of postindustrial economics present both in large-scale industry and the tertiary sector are accentuated in the form of properly “immaterial” production. The role of immaterial labor is to promote continual innovation in the forms and conditions of communication and thus in work and consumption.

Immaterial Labor – Maurizio Lazzarato

The location in which it operates is outside in the society at large, at a territorial level that we could call “the basin of immaterial labor. Rather than ensuring as 19th century enterprises did the surveillance of the inner workings of the production process and the supervision of the markets of raw materials labor includedbusiness is focused on the terrain outside of the production process: Thus the ,azzarato levels of the middle classes are the ones that create fashion, and the lower classes attempt to imitate them.


Lazzarato argues that immaterial labor occurs when companies co-opt a wider capacity for social labor “takes it on board and adapts it”8. Post was not sent – check your email addresses!

It gives form to and materializes needs, the imaginary, consumer tastes, and so forth, and these products in turn become powerful producers of needs, images, and tastes. The “tone” is that of the people who were in executive command under Taylorization; all that has changed is the content.

Immaterial Labor

The quality of this kind of labor power is thus defined not only by its professional capacities which make possible the construction labokr the cultural-informational content of the commoditybut also by its ability to “manage” its own activity and act as the coordinator of the immaterial labor of others production and management of the cycle. The organization of the cycle of production of immaterial labor because this is exactly what it is, once we abandon our factoryist prejudices – a cycle of production is not obviously apparent to the eye, because it is not defined by the four walls of a factory.

You are commenting using your WordPress. Large-scale industry and services To recognize the new characteristics of the production cycle of immaterial labor, we should compare it with the production of large-scale industry and services. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This commodity does not produce the physical capacity of labor power; instead, it transforms the person who uses it.


According to our article, immaterial workes are identified as the workers those who work in advertising, fashion, marketing, television, cybernetics, and so forth. As one cannot weigh or measure in any other way the effect of prayer, a smile, praise, compliment or pat on the shoulder – nor disdain – we are prone to discard any such effect.

Immaterial Labour Overheads

We arrive at a point where a collective learning process becomes the heart of productivity, because it is no longer a matter of finding different ways of composing or organizing already existing job functions, but of looking for new ones.

Large scale industries was started to spread out all around the World. Systems theory, immateriaal eliminating the constraint of the market and giving pride of place to organization, is more open to the new phenomenology of labor and in particular to the emergence of immaterial labor.


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Creation and intellectual labor These brief considerations permit us to begin questioning the model of creation and diffusion specific to intellectual labor and to get beyond the concept of creativity as an expression of “individuality” or as the patrimony of the “superior” classes. These values presuppose the modes of being, modes of existing, and forms of life that support them. The fact that immaterial labor produces subjectivity and economic value at the same time demonstrates how capitalist production has invaded our lives and has broken down all the oppositions among economy, power, and knowledge.

The worker is to be responsible for his or her own control and motivation within the work group without a foreman needing to intervene, and the foreman’s role is redefined into that of a facilitator.

Even so it related to capital relations. In the second place, the public is productive by means of the reception that gives the product “a place in life” in other words, integrates it into social communication and allows it to live and evolve.

Audiovisual production, advertising, fashion, software, the management of territory, and so forth are all defined by means of the particular relationship between production and its market or consumers.

Maurizio Lazzarato Immaterial Labor. In order to simplify the review some desciriptions and pre-examinations would be useful.

Lazzarato concludes by calling into question major theories of creativity, whether Simmel’s idea of fashion, or Bakhtin’s division betwen material and immaterial labour. It can lead us to define, at a territorial level, a space for a radical autonomy of the productive synergies of immaterial labor.

Ideological products are transformed into commodities without ever losing their specificity; that is, they are always addressed to someone, they are “ideally signifying, ” and thus they pose the problem of “meaning. Yves Clot, “Renouveau de 1’industrialisme et activite philosophique,” Futur anterieur, no. Today, with the new data available, we find the microeconomy in revolt against the macroeconomy, and the classical model is corroded by a new and irreducible anthropological reality.

Radical Thought in Italy: In this environment, argues Lazzarato, “the capitalist needs to find an unmediated way of establishing command over subjectivity itself. Participative management lazzagato a technology of power, a technology for creating and controlling the “subjective processes. In this phase, workers are expected to become “active subjects” in the coordination of the various functions of production, instead of being subjected to it as simple command.