LEGIO IX HISPANA PDF

IX Hispana (The “Spanish Legion”) – was one of the oldest and most feared units in the Roman army. Raised by Pompey in 65 BC, it fought victorious campaigns. The most common theory is that it was defeated and destroyed while fighting an uprising in England, however the fate of the Ninth remains the subject of. ???????????????????? ???????? ???????????????????????????? Legio nona Hispana; the Spanish Ninth Legion, is a legion of the Imperial Roman army – existing since the late Roman Republic.

Author: Gat Tojabei
Country: Sudan
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Photos
Published (Last): 21 February 2010
Pages: 23
PDF File Size: 15.29 Mb
ePub File Size: 3.87 Mb
ISBN: 664-6-38291-668-6
Downloads: 35632
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Tojalmaran

Only, keeping their order close, and, when their javelins were discharged, employing shield-boss and sword, let them steadily pile up the dead and forget the thought of plunder: Levio Republic and Roman Empire. How did roughly 5, men disappear from all historical record, seemingly without a trace?

By one successful engagement, he brought it back to its former obedience, though many, troubled by the conscious guilt of rebellion and by particular dread of the legate, still clung jx their arms. The legionaries were posted in serried ranks, the light-armed troops on either side, and the cavalry massed on the extreme wings. The Ninth Legion’s mysterious disappearance has made it ihspana popular subject for historical fiction, fantasy and science fiction. Some veterans were settled in Picenum, others at Histria.

LEGIO IX HISPANA – A Detailed History of the Real LEGIO IX HISPANA

However, before this move, the Legion and the Roman Province suffered a drastic set back. The origin of the legion is uncertain, but a 9th legion seems to have participated in the siege of Asculum during the Social War in 90 BC.

Legio IX was commanded by Aulus Plautius and would have only been a part of this massive invasion force. Military Through the Ages The Ninth was apparently no longer in existence after But as he grew short of food and the barbarians pressed relentlessly upon him, he was compelled, contrary to his judgment, to engage them. Perhaps the men from it were reassigned to other legions.

Boudicca had raised the banner of revolt in Norfolk and tens of thousands by now an estimatedhad joined her.

At the same time, he reported to Rome that no cessation of fighting need be expected until the supersession of Suetonius, the failures of whom he referred to his own perversity, his successes to the kindness of fortune. The crisis caused the emperor Nero to consider withdrawing all Roman forces from the island, but Suetonius’ eventual victory over Boudicca secured Roman control of the province. Their struggle took many forms. From the evidence of these forts it’s possible to plot Agricola’s campaigns.

  LA NUEVA REVOLUCION DIETETICA DEL DR.ATKINS 2002 PDF

Turning to meet Petilius Cerialiscommander of the Ninth Legion, who was arriving to the rescue, the victorious Britons routed the Legion and slaughtered the infantry to a man: Incensed by this outrage and the dread of worse to come – because they had now been reduced to the status of a province – Boudicca and the Iceni rebelled and incited the Trinovantes and other tribes to join them.

The barbarians would assail the Romans with a rush of their chariots, knocking them helter-skelter, but, since they fought without breastplates, would themselves be repulsed by the arrows. Caesar loyalists, the tribunes Mark Antony and Quintus Cassius Longinusvetoed the bill, and were quickly expelled from the Senate. According to Tacitus, the legion narrowly escaped destruction when the Caledonians beyond the Forth launched a surprise attack at night on their fort.

According to the eminent 19th-century German classicist Theodor Mommsen”under Hadrian there was a terrible catastrophe here, apparently an attack on the fortress of Eboracum [York] and the annihilation of the legion stationed there, the very same Ninth that had fought so unluckily in the Boudican revolt.

The most famous novel to deal with the legion’s story – The Eagle of the Ninth by Rosemary Sutcliff, published in – is one of the most celebrated of the 20th century, selling over a million copies worldwide. Lawrence Keppie says that “no inscriptions recording the building activities of the legion or the lives and careers of its members have come from the East”, suggesting that if the legion did leave Britain, it ceased to exist very soon afterwards.

Under the command of Caesius Nasica they put down the first revolt of Venutius between 52 and Or even just a “why do we need to keep this? The auxiliaries charged in the same style; and the cavalry, with lances extended, broke a way through any parties of resolute men whom they encountered. Regardless, the defeat of Legio IX would have had to have been on a large scale for it to be worthy of a note by Tacitus.

MODERATORS

Her theory is that they were wiped out in fighting against the British up beyond Hadrian’s Wall. Several scholars continue to argue that destruction in Britain is the most likely scenario for the Ninth’s disappearance. To the Continent However, more recent research has shown that a subunit of Legio IX was at Nijmegen in Germania Inferior, for a brief period after Knowing he hoped to become consul when his governorship expired, the Senate was politically fearful of him and ordered his resignation of command of his army.

  CESAREA KERR TECNICA QUIRURGICA PDF

The next problem Legio IX was probably forced to deal with was the feud in Brigantia between Cartimandua and her ex-husband Venutius.

Desperate to increase his number of troops, Suetonius also sent a request to the remainder of the Ninth, who responded. Therefore, we have adopted the bull as the emblem for our unit. If the inscriptions at Nijmegen really lego date to after CE, then they exist as evidence that the Legion had made it out of Britain and back into the mainland.

The glory won in the course of the day was remarkable, and equal to that of our older victories: The fact that we know the names of several high officers of the Ninth who cannot have served earlier than e. Military of ancient Hixpana portal.

After his final victory, Caesar lgeio the legion and settled the veterans in the area of Picenum. It seems obvious now that I think of it, but isn’t the easiest explanation that the unit got folded or separately reassigned into other units and documentation was lost?

Legio IX Hispana

They contended for a long time, both parties being animated hisoana the same zeal and daring. As this half of the wall was built in turf, the inscriptions would have been made of wood, which is probably why they do not survive to either prove or disprove the Ninth’s presence.

Once there, he felt some doubt whether to choose it as a base of operations; but, on considering the fewness of his troops and the sufficiently severe lesson which had been read to the rashness of Petilius [Cerialis], he determined to save the country as a whole at the cost of one town.